The French Open Science Monitor
The 2022 edition also monitors the transparency of French clinical trial results. It reveals that 57% of clinical trials carried out in the past 10 years have shared their results publicly. 74% of theses defended in 2020 are in open access – a rate which has been stable since 2017. Finally, as regards new research objects – whose monitoring is still in its Beta version – 21% of publications in 2021 that mentioned the creation of a dataset also mentioned that it had been shared. The sharing rate for codes and software is 20%.
The French Open Science Monitor was created in 2018 to measure the evolution of open access to French scientific research results. It is a steering tool that supports those formulating open science policies and wishing to assess their subsequent impact. Its creation was set out in the National Plan for Open Science and it is developed by the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research in partnership with the Inria and the Université de Lorraine. In 2021, it received funding from the France Relance national recovery plan
The Monitor initially concentrated on French scientific publications but has now been enriched with a section on health research measuring the sharing of results of clinical trials and observational studies. In 2022, funding from the France Relance recovery plan enabled a beta version of the Monitor to be developed that includes new indicators on research data, codes and software working with a methodology based on machine learning. Its construction is based on open data notably from Unpaywall, a global metadata database on scientific publications that provides information on the status of open publications. It also features a website with dozens of indicators grouped into themes along with interactive visualisation functions. The data underpinning the Monitor are made available under an open licence, its code is open and a detailed presentation of its methodology is given in a publication that is itself available in open access.
Users can adapt the Monitor to create a local version. Currently, over 70 organisations, universities, schools and laboratories have done so using a simple approach made available to them by the project team.
See the Flash Note from the Ministry of Higher Education and Research statistical service (in French): https://www.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/fr/barometre-francais-science-ouverte-2022-89981