The French Open Science Monitor measures the evolution of open science practices in France using on reliable, open and controlled data. It was launched in 2018 and provides detailed indicators on open access to scientific publications. The 2021 edition introduced the inclusion of clinical trials and the 2022 and  versions integrated doctoral theses, research data, codes and software.

The French Open Science Monitor

According to the 2023 edition of the Open Science Monitor (BSO), 65% of the 160,000 French research publications published in 2022 were open access in December 2023, a stable rate compared to the previous year. The level of open access varies significantly from one discipline to another, but each discipline remains at a stable level of open access. On the other hand, openness via the publisher’s platform is increasing (+3 pts), while openness via open archives is decreasing (-3 pts). In the healthcare sector, the proportion of clinical trials that share their results within 3 years of the end of the trial remains low, but this indicator is rising from 46% in 2014 to 52% in 2020. The share of publications sharing the product code remains stable at just under 20%, while the share of publications sharing a dataset increases to 22% (+2 pts).


The French Open Science Monitor was created in 2018 to measure the evolution of open access to French scientific research results. It is a steering tool that supports those formulating open science policies and wishing to assess their subsequent impact. Its creation was set out in the National Plan for Open Science and it is developed by the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research in partnership with the Inria and the Université de Lorraine. In 2021, it received funding from the France Relance national recovery plan

The Monitor initially concentrated on French scientific publications but has now been enriched with a section on health research measuring the sharing of results of clinical trials and observational studies. In 2022, funding from the France Relance recovery plan enabled a beta version of the Monitor to be developed that includes new indicators on research data, codes and software working with a methodology based on machine learning. Its construction is based on open data notably from Unpaywall, a global metadata database on scientific publications that provides information on the status of open publications. It also features a website with dozens of indicators grouped into themes along with interactive visualisation functions. The data underpinning the Monitor are made available under an open licence, its code is open and a detailed presentation of its methodology is given in a publication that is itself available in open access.

Users can adapt the Monitor to create a local version. Currently, over 70 organisations, universities, schools and laboratories have done so using a simple approach made available to them by the project team.

Data and code : 

Methodology :

See the Flash Note from the Ministry of Higher Education and Research statistical service (in French):