The Passport For Open Science is a guide designed to accompany PhD students at every step of their research career, whatever their disciplinary field. It provides a set of tools and good practices that can be directly implemented.

Passport for Open Science – A Practical Guide for PhD Students

Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche 

February 2024 [1st edition : July 2020 ; 2nd edition :  february 2024]

Editorial coordination : Univeristy of Lille

Scientific council : The Skills and Training College of The Committee for Open Science

Céline Barthonnat 
Johann Berti
Nadine Couëdel
Romane Coutanson
Marin Dacos
Alina Danciu
Gabriel Gallezot 
Madeleine Géroudet 
Sabrina Granger 
Joanna Janik 
Claire Josserand
Alicia León y Barella 
Émilie Lerigoleur
Jean-François Lutz 
Valérie Mansard
Christine Okret-Manville 
François Pellegrini
Sébastien Perrin 
Noël Thiboud 



Open science was born out of the new opportunities the digital revolution offered for sharing and disseminating scientific content. It essentially consists of making research results accessible for all by removing any technical or financial barriers which may hinder access to scientific publications. It also involves opening researchers’ “black boxes” containing the data and methods used for publications to share these as much as

Choosing open science first of all means affirming that research which is mainly financed by public funds must report its results back to the public in as much detail as possible. Openness is a necessary condition for the reproducibility of scientific results and the guarantee of better documented and more substantiated research. Sharing reinforces the cumulative nature of science and encourages its progress.

Open transparent science also helps enhance research’s credibility in society and the health crisis of 2020 has indeed reminded us how important this issue is.Finally, open science is the bearer of a profound movement towards democratising knowledge to benefit organisations, companies, citizens and particularly students for whom easy access to knowledge is a condition for success.

Open science policies now have support at the highest level. They are supported by the European Union, which requires open access to publications and data for research it funds, and since 2021, it defines open science as a criterion of scientific excellence. Open science policies are also supported worldwide by the G7 and UNESCO. In France, the First National Plan for Open Science, launched in 2018 by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, has been reinforced by a second plan, in 2021, which affirms its ambitions through multiple initiatives.

All members of the research ecosystem, through their commitments and practices, embody and bring to life open science. As you begin to prepare your PhD – the last stage of your education and the first stage of your professional life – join the open science movement and use this guide to start a conversation also within your research networks.

The Passport for Open Science is a guide designed to accompany you in any field of study, at every step of your research, from developing your scientific approach to the dissemination of your research results. It provides a set of tools and best practices that can be directly implemented and is aimed at researchers from all

We hope this guide will motivate you and provide the means for you to realise the ambitions of open science by sharing your research results and data with as many people as possible.

Marin Dacos
National Coordinator for Open Science
French Ministry of Higher Education and Research

English translation by Richard Dickinson – Translation Unit, Inist-CNRS.



The guide is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA licence.



1. Planning an open approach to scientific work

Using freely accessible resources

Planning data management

Planning software management

Working in a traceable and transparent way: for yourself, for others

2. Disseminating research

Disseminating your publications in open access

Making your thesis freely accessible

Making research data and software open

3. Preparing for after your thesis, join the movement

Deeply rooted public policies

Evaluating research differently

Act now

Going further