Cette étude, commanditée par la Commission européenne, explore la possibilité pour la plateforme de publication ORE (Open Research Europe) de passer d'un service réservé aux bénéficiaires de financements européens (Horizon 2020, Horizon Europe et Euratom) à un service destiné à l'ensemble de l'Union européenne.

Operationalising Open Research Europe as a collective publishing enterprise

Rob Johnson (Research Consulting)

This is an independent expert study commissioned in the context of the ERA to support the future development of Open Research Europe (ORE), the European Commission open access publishing platform, as a collective pan-European publishing initiative supported by funders and institutions across Europe. The study focuses on the business model that ORE should adopt in the future. It assesses the current funding and organizational model and proposes a model for the future of ORE. The study provides a unique insight into ORE and the possibilities for the future and will be very interesting for funders wishing to participate, and other policymakers, amongst others.

© European Union, 2022
Unless otherwise noted, the reuse of this document is authorised under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

I. INTRODUCTION

II. OPEN RESEARCH EUROPE: THE CURRENT MODEL

III. ORGANIZATIONAL AND FINANCING MODELS FOR NON-PROFIT PUBLISHING SERVICES

IV. AN ORGANIZATIONAL AND FINANCING MODEL FOR OPEN RESEARCH EUROPE

V. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

1. INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY

1.1. INTRODUCTION

1.2. METHODOLOGY

1.3. REPORT STRUCTURE

1.4. LIMITATIONS

1.5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

2. OPEN RESEARCH EUROPE: THE CURRENT MODEL

2.1. ABOUT OPEN RESEARCH EUROPE

2.2. PLANNING FOR TRANSITION

3. ORGANIZATIONAL AND FINANCING MODELS FOR NON-PROFIT PUBLISHING SERVICES

3.1. SOCIAL VALUE PROPOSITION

3.2. SIZE AND SCALE

3.3. OPERATING MODEL

3.4. LEGAL FORM

3.5. GOVERNANCE

3.6. FINANCING

4. AN ORGANISATIONAL AND FINANCING MODEL FOR OPEN RESEARCH EUROPE

4.1. POTENTIAL GROWTH PATHWAY FOR ORE

4.2. GROWTH IN PUBLICATION VOLUMES

4.3. COST PER PUBLICATION

4.4. OPERATING MODEL

4.5. LEGAL FORM

4.6. GOVERNANCE

4.7. FINANCING MODEL

5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1. CONCLUSION

5.2. RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A. LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

ANNEX 1: CASE STUDIES