Open science was born out of the new opportunities the digital revolution offered for sharing and disseminating scientific content. It essentially consists of making research results accessible for all by removing any technical or financial barriers which may hinder access to scientific publications. It also involves opening researchers’ ‘black boxes’ containing the data and methods used for publications to share these as much as possible.
Choosing open science first of all means affirming that research which is mainly financed by public funds must report its results back to the public in as much detail as possible. It is also based on the observation that openness guarantees better documented and more substantiated research and that sharing strengthens the cumulative nature of science thus encouraging its progress.
Open transparent science also helps enhance research’s credibility in society and the health crisis of 2020 has indeed reminded us how important this issue is. Finally, open science is the bearer of a profound movement towards democratising knowledge to benefit organisations, companies, citizens and particularly students for whom easy access to knowledge is a condition for success.
Open science policies now have support at the highest level from the European Union which has made open publication a condition for its support for scientific research since 2012 and by major research organisations around the world such as the National Institutes of Health in the United States. In France, Frédérique Vidal, the Minister for Higher Education, Research and Innovation, launched an ambitious National Plan for Open Science in 2018 which has since translated into a number of initiatives.
Ultimately, it is researchers whose commitments and practices embody and bring open science to life. As you begin to prepare your doctorate – the last stage of your education and the first stage of your professional life – it is therefore up to you to put these principles into practice.
The Passport For Open Science is a guide designed to accompany you at every step of your research, from developing your scientific approach to the dissemination of your research results. It provides a set of tools and best practices that can be directly implemented and is aimed at researchers from all disciplines.
We hope this guide will motivate you and provide the means for you to realise the ambitions of open science by sharing your research results and data with as many people as possible.
Director General for Higher Education and Employability
Director General for Researchand Innovation
English translation by Richard Dickinson and Katherine KEAN – Translation Unit, Inist-CNRS.
The guide is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA licence.